Specialising in original & limited edition artwork

Main Menu

FAQ

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS:

What is the difference between a signed & numbered print (s/n), and an Artist's Proof? 

Artist's Proofs are vestiges from the earliest traditions of printmaking. These proofs were considered the most valuable of an edition of original prints, as these were printed first, before the printing medium, such as Bavarian limestone began to wear; these first prints would have the clearest impressions of the edition. In modern offset lithography, wherein the prints are photomechanically reproduced, all of the prints in the edition are of equal quality. The same is true of giclée prints, as the giclée printing process involves no plates or films. An Artist's Proof is no different in quality than other prints in the edition.

What is the difference between a Giclée Canvas and a Canvas Transfer? 

A giclée canvas is not printed on a printing press. The image is created on an inkjet printer. Ink is sprayed from tiny nozzles which create thousands of microscopic droplets that fall onto the canvas surface in a precise pattern controlled by a computer. The canvas feeds through on a roll or is printed sheet by sheet, depending on the printer model. Once the ink dries, the surface of the canvas is sprayed with a varnish to protect the image. A canvas transfer is a print that is printed first on paper then transferred to canvas. The image is printed on an offset lithographic press, exactly like an offset print. The paper print is then soaked in a chemical bath that lifts the image in a gel-based layer from the paper. Next the image is carefully applied to a piece of canvas to which it adheres. Once the image has hardened on the canvas, it can be hand-retouched to create texture or colour accents. 

What is the difference between an offset lithograph and an original lithograph?

To create an offset lithographic print or offset photomechanical reproduction, the original image or a photograph of the image is scanned into a computer to produce colour separations, one for each colour used in the printing process: cyan, yellow, magenta and black. These separations are then output to film with dot patterns that represent the values of each of the four process colours. The films are exposed to printing plates, one for each colour. The plates transfer the ink to a rubber blanket, which in turn offsets the ink onto paper or canvas. An original lithographic print is not a reproduction; each is an original and unique work of art. The artist makes separate drawings, one for each colour to be printed, directly on the working surface (commonly stone or Mylar film) to create individual plates. An original lithograph must pass through the press one time for each colour it contains. Hand colouring may also be added later. 

What is the difference between a Limited Edition Print and an Open Edition Print?

Open Edition Prints are identical prints of an image and are sometimes signed by the artist. The number of prints that can be published is unlimited and therefore not as collectible as a limited edition print.

Will my Limited Edition Print increase in value?

By their nature of being limited in number, demand for certain limited edition prints can be greater than the number of reproductions produced for the edition. Once an edition is sold out from the publisher, which means that the print is no longer available from the publisher but may still be available from an authorised dealer, the prints are considered to be on the Secondary Market. This means that the print can be bought and sold by any dealer or individual, often above issue price, depending on supply and demand. 

What does A/P and P/P mean?

An Artist's Proof (AP) is a number marking which appears on certain print editions. This is outside the regular edition, but printed at the same time or after the regular edition from the same plates without changes. By custom, the artist retains the A/Ps for his personal use or sale. Typically, 10% of the edition total is designated as A/P, or in the case of a small edition, five graphics are usually so designated.

Likewise P/P. stands for "Printers Proof"; a few prints may be pulled for the printer and may or may not be signed by the artist

What does H/C or Hors Commerce mean?

H.C. stands for Hors Commerce (Not for Trade in French). Traditionally these were graphics pulled with the regular edition, but were marked by the artist for business use only. These graphics were used for entering exhibitions and competitions, but today, these graphics generally are allowed into distribution through regular channels.